Raising fish carp or guramih is one fish farming is still promising . For Indonesian people are very fond of this one fish . Especially now that many emerging large stalls selling grilled dish carp carp and various other offerings . So also in the traditional markets and modern markets are widely available raw carp ready to cook . This is what mneyebabkan carp are still business Cheap SEO Services opportunities and good business opportunity . Moreover, with the use of products in the form Nasa Ton , VITERNA , Poc Nasa and Hormonik which Tons of very much help at the time of stocking fingerlings in ponds tanah.Untuk VITERNA , nasa poc and HORMONIK ie with in the media mix in fish feed gurame.Adapun following cultivation techniques :
A. Preparation Facilities and Infrastructure
1.Lokasi appropriate for the cultivation of carp :
Carp grow normally at location altitude 50-400 m above sea level maintenance .
Type of clay or loam , and the pivot is not enough soil containing humus is good for pool maintenance . Because of the type of soil can hold a large mass of water is also not easily leak that created pond embankment or wall .
Good pool slope between 3-5 % , that occurs by gravity irrigation pond .
Water quality should really be clean with no muddy bottom of the pond , does not contain any chemicals or sewage plants , and not too muddy .
Depth of 70-100 cm with very good flow irrigation system for the growth and development of the carp . With the discharge of water 3 liters / sec for maintenance has traditionally specialized in the pond , and the water discharge between 6-12 liters / sec for maintenance polyculture .
The water temperature ranges between 24-28 0C .
Water acidity ( pH ) good is between 6.5 to 8 .
2 . pond
Pool used for the cultivation of carp , among others :
Parent storage pool - ground pool with an area of 10 m2 , kedalamam at least 50 cm at a density of an aircraft 20 females and 10 males.
Spawning Pool - Swimming land with an area of 200-300 meter2 , stem density of 1 fish pond requires 2-10 m2 ( depending on spawning system ) . The water temperature between 24-28 0C , water depth of 75-100 cm , and preferably sandy bottom . Prepare injuk to stick to the egg apparatus .
Seed pool or pond maintenance . Between 50-100 m2 pond area , pond water depth of 30-50 cm , with a Pasang Iklan Gratisdensity of 5-50 fish / square meter . Long maintenance between 3-4 weeks to 3-5 cm sized fish seed .
Rearing ponds . The number of seeds in the rearing ponds stocking should be no more than 10 ekor/m2 . Sometimes it takes some pond netting from 1.25 to 1.5 cm .
Swimming or Pemberokan place . This pool is a place to clean fish prior to shipping
3 . Ways of making the pool :
Prepare the land size of 10 x 10 m ( 100 m2 ) .
Create an embankment width of 0.5 m , the bottom 1 m and height 1 m .
Put the pipe / gutter / bamboo big to enter and exit the water . Set high and low water that flows easily .
Holding pond bottom soil so loose hoe , then flattened out again so that the soil becomes soft after watered and holes or pores of the soil will be covered which can lead to leaks . Do not forget the bottom of the pool sloped toward the water exit .
Create a channel extending from the entrance to the exit of water in the middle of the pool with a width of 0.5 m mains and within 15 cm .
Sprinkle Nasa products are in the form of tons of chemical fertilizer mix with regular basis in life , then enter the water with a height of 0.75-1 m . Let stand for 1 week so that fertilizers seep into the soil and forming plankton , algae, as well as to test that the pool is not leaking .
1 . Parent elections
The characteristics of a good parent carp :
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Normal movement and agile .
Has the properties of rapid growth .
Relatively small head size .
Normal body shape ( ratio of length and ideal body weight ) .
Orderly arrangement of scales , smooth , bright and shiny colors and no injuries .
Sepertipisang beautiful lip shape , small -mouthed and not bearded .
Aged between 2-5 years .
2 . Differences male parent and female parent :
a. parent Females
Brownish white chin
Basic pectoral fin blackish dark light
When placed on a flat spot just twitching tail
If the stomach does not secrete fluid distriping
b . parent Males
Prominent forehead .
Basic pectoral fins bright whitish
When placed on a flat spot tail will rise
If stomach distriping white sperm discharge
3 . maintenance Parent
Select 20-30 tail to vast pool 10 m2 in the parent storage pool . You can feed the food leaves much as 1/3 kg for each aircraft weighing between 2-3 pounds each day in the afternoon . Give extra food bran finely brewed hot water 2 times a week at a dose of 1/2 tin kerosene .
Jasa SEO Bergaransi4 . hatchery
Parent immediately enter into a spawning pool if Gonada maturation process ( bladder eggs and sperm ) in ponds has reached its peak . How spawning carp as follows :
Fix basic dikes and ponds and dry for 5 days .
Perform liming and fertilizing leave for 3 days . Bottom of the pond fertilization with manure doses of 7.5 kg/100 m2 .
Basic pond planted with algae .
Fill the water was mixed with Nasa products in the form of tons of chemical fertilizer TSP comparison with 100 gm : grm/100 500 square meters , allow 1 week and then add water to a depth of 75 cm .
Pond with an area of 100 m2 distributed stem 30 females and 10 males. After spawning lasts for 1-2 days , the female parent will release her eggs into a nest which is then sprayed by the male sperm that fertilized the egg. If the parent - parent well maintained 20-30 days then the parent will spawn again , and a few days later the eggs will hatch .
5 . maintenance of Seed
After the seeds aged 1-2 months from hatching , grew up in the pond . The process of separating the seeds are stocked in the pond at a density of 30 ekor/m2 with seed size of 5-10 cm . The food was given during the maintenance process in the form of termites or leaf that has been softened with a dose of 20-30 % of the average weight of fish . Fine bran hot brewed an extra food is given 1 time a week at a dose of 1 tin of kerosene to 100 fish fry . The length of the nursery about 1-2 months .
C. Maintenance Enlargement Process
1 . Maintenance enlargement polyculture and monoculture done .
Polyculture . Dipeliharan carp with other fish such as carp, Tawes , nilem , tilapia or catfish . This method is more effective and profitable due to the slow growth of carp .
Monoculture . OnlyWisata Pulau Pari dipemelihara carp , at least 2 months old seedlings were distributed . 500 fish seed ( size 10-15 cm ) stocked in the pond about 1500 meter2 .